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Below the Ponce Mountains

from the photographic collections of the National Museum of Contemporary History

21. December 2015 – 4. February 2016

Ski jumping is one of the most popular sports disciplines among Slovenes. Even when Slovenia was still part of the former Yugoslavia, the national team consisted only of Slovene jumpers. Planica, of which the Slovenes are proud, is certainly a synonym for ski jumping and we are also proud of the many successful Slovene ski jumpers.


In 1934, a giant jumping hill was built in Planica to the plans and common endeavours of engineers Ivan Rožman and Stanko Bloudek, Joso Gorec and others, and the first international competition was organised there. The Norwegian ski jumper Birger Ruud achieved a new world record of 92 m there. In 1936 in Planica, a young Austrian jumper Sepp Bradl was the first man in the world to fly over the magic boundary of one hundred metres (101 m). Since then, jumps have grown into ski flights and world records were being improved in Planica until 1948. The Planica giant hill was then outgrown by other hills throughout the world, until 1969, when an unforgettable international ski jumping event took place on the renovated and enlarged big hill, to the plans of the engineer brothers, Janez and Vlado Gorišek, who had succeeded the late Stanko Bloudek; as many as five world records were recorded there. Since then, world records have been beaten every few years in Planica. It was in Planica, too, in 1994, when the boundary of two hundred metres was first surpassed by the Finn Toni Nieminen, with 203 m.

The jumpers' style and body positions in the air changed radically over the course of time – from the initial upright posture, a more aerodynamic style and  position with both arms forward, a style that persisted up to the first half of the 1960s,  to the more elegant body position with arms backwards towards the hips, a technique that began to be introduced at the end of the 1950s and beginning of the 1960s and, in recent years, to a distinctive  forward leaning of the body and the skis in a "V" form. This position of the jumpers, which replaced the classical style, together with new, improved equipment, has also enabled jumpers to fly unimaginably far. Ordinary mortals can only admire these extremely brave young men who fly so very, very far, and wonder how much further is still possible.

The photographs selected from the photographic collection of the National Museum of Contemporary History which are intended to present the historical pulse of life in Planica over the period between 1934 and 1991, were taken by various well-known Slovene photographers, including Svetozar Busić, Edi Šelhaus, Nace Bizilj, Miloš Švabić, Marjan Ciglič, Vlastja Simončič, Marijan Pfeifer, Bogo Primožič, Leon Jere, Dragan Arrigler, Rudi Paškulin, Milan Pogačar, Miha Dariš, Lado Čuk, Joco Čermak  and others. Additionally, some caricatures on the theme of ski jumping by the artist Bine Rogelj, also a former successful jumper, will add a humorous touch to the exhibition.

Jožica Šparovec
National Museum of Contemporary History

 

Planica World Records and Record Holders

92 m       Birger Ruud (NOR), 25.3.1934

191 m     Matti Nykänen (FIN), 15.3.1985

93 m       Reidar Andersen (NOR), 14.3.1935

194 m     Piotr Fijas (POL), 14.3.1987

95 m       ​​Stanisław Maruszarz (POL), 15.3.1935

196 m     Martin Höllwarth (AUT), 17.3.1994

98 m       Reidar Andersen (NOR), 15.3.1935

203 m     Toni Nieminen (FIN), 17.3.1994

99 m       Reidar Andersen (NOR), 15.3.1935

209 m     Espen Bredesen (NOR), 18.3.1994

101.5 m  Sepp Bradl (AUT), 15.3.1936

210 m     Espen Bredesen (NOR), 22.3.1997

107 m     Sepp Bradl (AUT), 15.3.1938

212 m     Lasse Ottesen (NOR), 22.3.1997

108 m     Rudi Gehring (GER), 2.3.1941

214.5 m  Martin Schmitt (GER), 19.3.1999

118 m     Rudi Gehring (GER), 2.3.1941

219.5 m  Tommy Ingebrigtsen (NOR), 20.3.1999

120 m     Fritz Tschannen (SUI), 15.3.1948

224.5 m  Thomas Hörl (AUT), 16.3.2000

156 m     Bjørn Wirkola (NOR), 21.3.1969

225 m     Andreas Goldberger (AUT), 18.3.2000

156 m     Jiři Raška (ČSSR), 21.3.1969

225 m     Adam Małysz (POL), 20.3.2003

160 m     Bjørn Wirkola (NOR), 21.3.1969

227.5 m  Matti Hautamäki (FIN), 20.3.2003

164 m     Jiři Raška (ČSSR), 22.3.1969

228.5 m  Matti Hautamäki (FIN), 22.3.2003

165 m     Manfred Wolf (GDR), 23.3.1969

231 m     Matti Hautamäki (FIN), 23.3.2003

169 m     Walter Steiner (SUI), 15.3.1974

231 m     Tommy Ingebrigtsen (NOR), 20.3.2005

176 m     Klaus Ostwald (GDR), 16.3.1979

234.5 m  Bjørn E. Romøren (NOR), 20.3.2005

186 m     Mike Holland (USA), 15.3.1985

235.5 m  Matti Hautamäki (FIN), 20.3.2005

187 m     Matti Nykänen (FIN), 15.3.1985

239 m     Bjørn E. Romøren (NOR), 20.3.2005

Author of the exhibition: Jožica Šparovec, Ivo Vraničar.


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